Main Article Content
Introduction: The rapid development of technology decreases understanding of various theories in the learning process.
Objectives to develop and understand the effectiveness of ‘manurak’ (manual dan gerak/manual and motion) therapy learning videos on augmented reality (AR)-based shoulder injuries.
Methods: This research and development study applied the ADDIE (Analysis-Design-Develop-Implement-Evaluate) model. The subjects of the research involved two media experts as product validators. Meanwhile, the effectiveness of the product was examined with the help of 30 Sports Science students, Faculty of Sports and Health Sciences, Yogyakarta State University. The data analysis technique in this study involved expert validity tests and the pass rate in AR-based manipulative therapy courses to see the level of effectiveness.
Results: The study found that (1) the average value of total Augmented Reality (AR)-based media used in supporting the learning process was x ̄ = 4.8, which meant that this value was valid because 4 ≤ x ̄ ≤ 5; (2) the results of the student manipulative therapy course examination showed that the average score of students was 83.6 with the 26 students who obtained scores in the ‘complete’ category, while those who did not complete were four people. The percentage of completeness obtained by students was 87% (high category). In comparison, the incomplete was 13%, which meant that learning manipulative therapy courses on shoulder injuries using AR-based media was in the high category or very effective.
Conclusions: Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that AR-based ‘Manurak’ Therapy Media on Shoulder Injuries was valid and effective for its use.