Physical Activity, Drinking and Sleep Patterns by Chronic Disease Presence: A Population-Based Study
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Background/Objectives: This study aimed to compare psychological factors and health behaviors according to chronic diseases using the Korea Health Panel (KHP).
Methods/Statistical analysis: Data were extracted from 2018 data among the KHP 2008-2018 annual data. After applying cross-sectional weighting, a total of 51,422,507 participants were selected for this study. Descriptive statistics were performed and chi-square or t-test was performed to compare the psychological factors and health behaviors between the presence and absence of chronic disease groups.
Findings: The prevalence of chronic diseases was 14.9% for all age groups in the Korea Health Panel. Psychological factors, such as depressive symptoms, poor perceived health status, and unmet healthcare needs, were higher in people with chronic disease than in those without chronic disease. The number of smokers was higher in people with chronic disease than in those without chronic disease, whereas those with moderate physical activity, sleep time, and drinking were lower in people with chronic disease than in those without chronic disease.
Improvements/Applications: It is necessary to identify health behaviors according to the type of chronic disease, and a wellness approach that considers the characteristics of each disease is needed.