Association of Diabetes, Hypertension and Dyslipidemia with Dietary Supplements Intake in Koreans
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Background/Objectives: Wrong lifestyle could be leads to chronic disease or serious disease in combination with various causes.The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary supplements intake had different effects depending on demographic factors, health status factors, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia factors.
Methods/Statistical analysis: The data for this study were used in the 8th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, KNHANES Ⅷ (2019). Whether or not to take dietary supplements was investigated for more than 2 weeks in the past year, and the relationship with the type of disease caused by lifestyle was investigated. IBM SPSS 21.0 was used for the arrangement and statistical analysis of the collected data, and the significance level (α) of all analyzes was set to 0.05 or less.
Findings: There was a significant difference between gender (56.9% for female and 48.5% for male) and dietary supplement intake for 2 weeks or more during the past year (p<0.05). The average monthly household income showed a significant difference with <1 million (47.1%), 1 million-2 million (51.7%), 2 million-3 million (53.8%), and ≥3 million (57.7%) (p<0.05). The educational level showed a significant difference with elementary or below (53.1%), middle (46.1%), high (54.0%), college or higher (56.5%) (p<0.05). Diagnosis of diabetes hypertension did not show a significant association with the dietary supplement intake for more than 2 weeks in the past year (p>0.05). Diagnosis of dyslipidemia and the presence or absence of dietary supplement intake for more than 2 weeks in the past year showed a significant difference (p<0.05) as 60.3% of the patients with disease and 66.1% of the dietary supplement intake in the group without disease (p<0.05). This study observed a significant association between hyperlipidemia, one of lifestyle-related diseases, and dietary supplement intake, and in particular, a significant association between health status factors and dietary supplement intake.
Improvements/Applications : It makes it possible to write about the results of the improved research and other applications. In addition, it is expected that this study based on education and guidance on correct information on dietary supplements will contribute to health promotion.