The Psychosomatic Reflection of AAS (Androgenic Anabolic Steroid) Usage between Bodybuilders in Baghdad Gyms

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Zeyad Abdulrazzaq, Aeshah Tareq


Bodybuilding is a non-Olympic sport spread widely in a lot of countries including Iraq, it’s represented by strenuous physical exercises that strengthen and enlarge the muscles of the body. Films and cinema were factors supporting the ideas of the pleasant appearance of bodybuilders.

The non-Olympic laws let athletes free to smoke, consume alcohol or steroids. And using steroids by some of the athletes out of their medical purpose works to enhance their muscle growth and appearance.

In the first half of 2021, this cross-sectional study was conducted and data were acquired among weight lifters regularly visiting Baghdad gyms. Six gym locations were randomly chosen and 500 athletes (bodybuilders) were exposed to the evaluation to fill out a self-addressed anonymous survey. The survey was divided into two sections: general personal information and substance-abuse-related questions. The frequency of AAS was evaluated based on three strategies: self-reports, projective inquiries, and the crosswise model.

500 male athletes itemized in this study, with mean age (24.2 ± 3.2). Anabolic steroid use was up to (80%) in their last year of training, Cigarette and waterpipe smoking was (36%), and alcohol consumption was (10.5%) among all.

The usage of AAS was more common among unmarried and less educated athletes (P < 0.05). The primary goal of use was to increase muscular mass.

Of the huge impact of the media, it should be used to support clean sports and quit AAS by showing their serious side effects rather than supporting its usage.

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How to Cite
Zeyad Abdulrazzaq, Aeshah Tareq. (2023). The Psychosomatic Reflection of AAS (Androgenic Anabolic Steroid) Usage between Bodybuilders in Baghdad Gyms. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities, 6(2s), 224–232. Retrieved from