Breathing Retraining Adjuncts - A Systematic Review
Main Article Content
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the importance of breath and the impact of deficiency of oxygen supply and desaturation on modern medicine. In such situations, positioning, breathing exercises, and counseling are critical to patient survival. Additionally, breathing exercises have been found effective in minimizing pulmonary complications and promoting early recovery in pre and post-surgical conditions. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the existing devices used as adjuncts in breathing retraining and assess their effectiveness in routine chest physiotherapy practice.
Method: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted until July 2022 were included in the review. The electronic databases MEDLINE, PEDro, CINHAL, PUBMED, and Google Patents were searched based on the PRISMA guideline's criteria, and research articles studied devices as adjuncts to physiotherapy in respiratory disorders. Devices that can aid in inspiratory or expiratory exercises with or without resistance are available and can be used during physiotherapy as adjuncts to management. However, not all devices are found to be multifunctional.
Conclusion: The study found that devices with functionality involving inspiratory or expiratory exercises with or without resistance can be used during physiotherapy as adjuncts to management. However, not all devices are multifunctional, and further research is needed to identify the most effective devices for use in respiratory disorders.